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The Shaolin Wahnam Institute Page was posted by Sifu Mark Blohm on Wikipedia, but was removed by Wikipedia at the end of September 2013 because, according to Wikipedia, there are insufficient secondary sources, i.e. sources other than those from Shaolin Wahnam Institute.

Sifu Mark Blohm of Shaolin Wahnam Taiwan has put in an incredible amount of work to make this page a treasure house of kungfu sets so that those who wish to have a taste of a great variety of kungfu sets ranging from Four Gates of Shaolin to Wudang Taijiquan, from Swimming Dragon of Baguazhang to San Zhan of Wuzuquan, can come here for reference.

It will be a great pity if such great effort is put to waste by just removing the page. We therefore reproduce the page here for your pleasure or study, or both.

The videos here are only a start. As more videos are available, they will be added to the page. We would like to thank Sifu Mark Blohm for his great, selfless effort.

The Shaolin Wahnam Institute is an international school dedicated to the promotion of the Shaolin Arts.[1] These arts include Shaolin Qigong (Chi Kung), Shaolin Kung Fu, Zen and Taijiquan. The school was established in the 1980s by Wong Kiew Kit of Malaysia. Within the last 15 years, the school has spread worldwide and includes thousands of students.[2] Instructors under Wong teach in many countries around the world[3], each with their own students and practice schedules.[4][5]

Shaolin Wahnam Lineage

The lineage of Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit, founder of Shaolin Wahnam Institute

Shaolin Kung Fu

Shaolin Kung Fu as practiced in the Institute emphasizes traditional training methods. One type of training which emphasizes internal force development is Zhan Zhuang or Stance Training.[6] These are stationary postures, a type of quiescent qigong (as opposed to dynamic qigong such as in the 18 Lohan Hands).

Another set of advanced training exercises for developing internal force for martial application and spiritual development is known as Sinew Metamorphosis.[7] In Shaolin Wahnam, students are first introduced to the skill of Generating Energy Flow, following the principles of "first circulate, then build"[8] and "first be healthy, then learn to defend yourself".[9]

Carry Tiger Back toMountain

Combat application from Carry Tiger Back to Mountain

Traditional forms are utilized, as the Institute believes that the forms, as passed down in Kung Fu sets from past Masters, are to be used in real fighting exactly as they are practiced in solo. Virtually all the techniques from other martial arts can be found in these Shaolin Kung Fu forms. In order to bridge the gap between solo form practice and Free Sparring, a systematic sparring methodology has been refined by Grandmaster Wong.

This enables a smooth transition to free sparring while traditional stances and forms remain intact in actual free sparring. Friendly events have been held with other schools in order to demonstrate traditional forms in sparring.[10] This is in contrast to schools that discard traditional techniques to spar similarly to kickboxing.[11]

In basic training, more emphasis is placed on combat sequences and cooperative yet realistic partner work.[12]The most basic sequences cover striking. Further sequences address kicking, felling and qin na, translated as "hold grip"; this training covers all four categories of attack.[13] Some more advanced sets include "Cross Roads at Four Gates", "Shaolin Five Animals" and "Tiger Crane".[14] One set used specially for force training is "The Art of One Finger Shooting Zen".[15]

Below is a systematic training regimen as taught and practised at Shaolin Wahnam Kuala Lumpur[16]

Level 1: Fundamentals of Shaolin Kungfu

Form: Basic patterns, stances and footwork.
Application: Specific Techniques.
Force: Zhang Zhuang (basic stances), One Finger Shoot Zen, Leg Stretching.
Philosophy: Dimensions, aims and brief history.


8 basic patterns of hand attack and defence.
Basic stances -- Horse-Riding, Bow-Arrow, False-Leg, Single-Leg, Unicorn, Goat.
Footwork -- forward, backward and sideways.
Specific Techniques against simple punches, kicks, holds on wrist, and throws from standing position. Use "Single Tiger" against punches, "Lohan Strikes Drum" against kicks, "Rolling thunder" against holds on wrist, shifting step against throws.[17]

Form: Basic set -- Lohan Asks the Way.
Application: 4 basic hand attacks and defence from poise patterns.
Force: Zhan Zhuang with hand forms, Spacing, Timing, Breath Coordination
Philosophy: Principles of Attack and Defence.


Sparring mode -- pre-choice and self-choice.
Principles -- Three Arrivals, Ask the Way, Safety First.[18]

Shaolin Five Animals

The Five-Animal Set performed by Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit of Shaolin Wahnam Institute. Click here or on the picture to view video

Level 3: Black Tiger Steals Heart .

Form: Applicaion Set 1 -- Black Tiger Steals Heart.
Application: Hand attacks in three-step sequences.
Force: Flow of movement, Quick decision making, Instant modification.
Philosophy: Principles of Force Training.


Sparring mode -- changing patterns.
Principles -- Gradual Progress, Perseverance,Techniques and Skills.[19]

Level 4: Fierce Tiger Speeds Across Valley

Form: Application Set 2 -- Fierce Tiger Speeds through Valley, Patterns for kicks and defence.
Application: Further hand attacks in three-step sequences, One-step kicking attacks and defence.
Force: Leg-Stretching Exercises.
Philosophy: Techniques, Tactics and Strategies.


Sparring mode -- left or right, run-on sequence.
Principles -- Soft against hard, Exploiting opponent's weakness, Avoiding his strong points.[20]

Level 5: Happy Bird Hops up Branch.

Form: Application Set 3 -- Happy Bird Hops up Branch.
Application: Combat sequences with kicking attacks.
Force: Breath Co-ordination.
Philosophy: Use of Tactics.


Tactics -- Feign weakness, Pressing attack, Breaking opponent's momentum[21].

Level 6: Felling Tree with Roots

Form: Application Set 4 -- Felling Tree with Roots.
Application: Combat sequences with holds and falls.
Force: Elegance and Speed.
Philosophy: Use of Strategies.


Strategies based on "Know Thyself, Know your Opponent"[22].

Shaolin Flower Set

Crouching on Ground to strike Tiger, a pattern from the Flower Set

The training also incorporates combat elements beyond patterns, techniques and sequences of techniques. These are tactics and strategies. Shaolin philosophy is rich in tactics and strategies.[23]

Taijiquan is also an integral part of the Institute. It is practiced as Kung Fu and often resembles Shaolin patterns.

Although many masters believe that graceful sets that are sometimes practice slowly are not effective for fighting,[24] the teaching in Shaolin Wahnam does not follow this idea. The application of some traditional forms for combat as practice in Shaolin Wahnam has been demonstrated in Inside Kung Fu magazine.[25] The same basic stances, footwork and skill practiced in Shaolin Kung Fu are practiced in Taijiquan.[26]

A Treasure House of Kung Fu Sets

A complementary page, A Treasure House of Combat Application can be accessed here

Fundamental sets are those practiced by all students of Shaolin Kungfu or Wahnam Taijiquan. They are sets in the Shaolin Kungfu and Wahnam Taijiquan core syllabuses. Selective sets are those chosen by students in both the Shaolin Kungfu group and the Wahnam Taijiquan group in regional or special courses. Here is a list of the Kung Fu sets in the Shaolin Wahnam School:


Shaolin Kungfu

Lohan Asks the Way
Black Tiger Steals Heart
Fierce Tiger Speeds through Valley
Happy Bird Hops up Branch
Fell Tree with Roots
Cross-Roads at Four Gates
Flowing Water Staff
Plum Flower Sabre

Shaolin Five Animals

Grandmaster Wong performs Cloud Hands. Please click here or on the picture to view video


White Crane Flaps Wings
White Snake Shoots Venom
Green Dragon Shoots Pearl
Black Bear Sinks Hips
Carry Tiger Back to Mountain

Flowing Water Floating Clouds
Wudang Sword
Taiji Sabre

Selective Sets


Fierce Tiger Descends Mountain
Single Tiger Emerges from Cave
Lohan Tames Tiger

Taming the Tiger -- More
Tiger-Crane -- 36-Pattern Set from Uncle Righteousness' Lineage
Tiger-Crane -- 108-Pattern Set from Wong Fei Hoong' Lineage
Shaolin Iron Wire -- More -- More

Five Animals
Shaolin Monkey Set -- More -- More
Dragon Form
Shaolin Pakua Set
Shaolin Seventy-Two Chin-Na Techniques
Triple Stretch Set -- More
Flower Set


The Baguazhang pattern "Cloud Dragons Rests on Pillow"

Cloud Hands
Yellow Bee Sucks Pollens
Old Eagle Catches Snake
Cloud Hands Grasp Sparrow
108-Pattern Yang Style Taijiquan
Wudang Taijiquan

12 Sequences of Tantui -- More
Fifty Sequences of Eagle Claw
Twelve Fists of Choy-Li-Fatt
Eighteen Collection of Praying Mantis
Drunken Eight Immortals

Siu Lin Tou
Cham Kiew
Phew Chee
San Zhan
Er Shi Quan (Twenty Punches)
Ti Jiao (Kicking Leg)
Shi Zhan of Wuzuquan

Baguazhang Eight Mother Palms (Circle Walking)
Baguazhang Swimming Dragon Set
Xingyiquan Five Element Continuous Fist
Xingyiquan Twelve Animal-Form Continuous Fist


Butterfly Knives
Thirteen-Technique Spear
Taming-Tiger Trident
Crescent Moon Guan Dao
Crescent Moon Spear
Traveling Dragon Sword
Taiji Staff

Shaolin Five Animals

Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit performs the Taijiquan pattern "Double Dragons Carry Pearl"


(Kungfu Sets in Grandmaster Wong's repertoire but not yet taught in Shaolin Wahnam Institute. When the sets are taught, they will be listed in the Selective Sets.)


Praying Mantis Crushing Fist
Eighteen-Lohan Set
Seven-Star Set
Cotton Palm
Dragon Strength Set
Essence of Shaolin


Six-and-Half-Point Staff
Fifth Brother Octagon Staff
Chin Wah Staff
108-Point Staff
Crescent Moon Spade
Three-Sectional Soft Whip
Golden-Legume Hammer
Battle Axe

Snake-Headed Lance
Double Rods
Double Sabres
Through-Cloud Umbrella
Happy Wanderer's Fan
Kungfu Bench
Double Daggers[30]

A complementary page, A Treasure House of Combat Application can be accessed here


The basic qigong practice are the Shaolin 18 Lohan Hands, a set of dynamic qigong exercises focusing on health and vitality.[31][32]Sinew Metamorphosis is a set of exercises with less physical movement. Sinew Metamorphosis is more powerful and meant for advanced practitioners training high-level internal force for martial application and/or spiritual cultivation.[33][34] Qigong is a type of Chinese Medicine.

Shaolin Five Animals

Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit performs the Shaolin Kungfu pattern "Swimming Dragon Plays with Water"


Zen is not just sitting meditation. In fact, it is an integral part of Kung Fu and qigong training as well. Practicing Zen means cultivating the mind. In Shaolin Wahnam, this can be achieved while performing a qigong pattern, practicing a Kung Fu set (which is qigong) or performing daily activities. There is also formal Zen training as traditionally known. This can be performed while sitting, standing, lying down or walking.[35]

In Shaolin Qigong, Zen is practiced throughout the exercise. Chi Flow (also known as Flowing Zen) usually follows some dynamic or quiescent qigong patterns and is performed in a Zen state of mind (also known as a Qigong State of Mind). The end of the practice completes with Standing Zen, which develops mental freshness and can lead to spiritual breakthroughs ("satori" in Japanese).[36]

Kung Fu as practiced in the Institute is also a practice of Qigong. It is done in a Zen State of Mind, which enables calmness in combat situations, continuing the smooth flow of internal force, anticipation of the opponent's moves and spontaneous application of techniques. Practice may also lead to a "satori".[37]

Training Centers

Permanent locations of the Shaolin Wahnam Institute exist in Taiwan and Germany.

External links

List of Certified Shaolin Wahnam Instructors
Shaolin Wahnam Center Frankfurt
Shaolin Wahnam Center Taiwan
Shaolin Wahnam Center Kuala Lumpur


  1. rubikscube blog
  2. http://www.irishtimes.com/news/health/my-life-was-a-war-against-noise-1.517024
  3. http://0303.nccdn.net/1_5/24f/250/229/Kerry-s-Eye50.jpg
  4. http://www.shaolin.org/general/instructors-list.html
  5. http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1309&dat=19990615&id=2swyAAAAIBAJ&sjid=yBQEAAAAIBAJ&pg=5849,6068833
  6. http://www.shaolin.org/general-2/stance-training.html
  7. http://www.shaolin.org/chikung/yi-jin-jing.html
  8. http://shaolin.org/answers/ans03a/jun03-1.html
  9. http://shaolin.org/answers/ans00b/sep00-2.html
  10. http://www.kinabalufighters.com/index.php?q=content/past-events
  11. http://www.shaolin.org/discussion/sparring.html
  12. http://www.shaolin.org/discussion/sparring.html
  13. http://www.shaolin.org/answers/ans05b/jul05-3.html
  14. http://www.shaolin.org/general/videos-kungfu-sets01.html
  15. http://www.shaolin.org/video-clips-3/shaolin/special-03/special25.html
  16. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  17. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  18. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  19. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  20. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  21. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  22. http://shaolinwahnammalaysia.com/kung-fu-classes/
  23. http://www.shaolin.org/video-clips-3/shaolin/special-07/special56.html
  24. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121916373044753643.html
  25. Iside Kung Fu, April 2007, Cover Story
  26. http://www.shaolin.org/taijiquan/wahnam-taijiquan01.html
  27. http://www.shaolin.org/general-2/kungfu-sets/carry-tiger.html
  28. http://www.shaolin.org/general-2/kungfu-sets/flower-set.html
  29. http://www.shaolin.org.cn/templates/T_newS_list/index.aspx?nodeid=155&page=ContentPage&contentid=869&contentpagenum=3
  30. http://www.shaolin.org/general-2/kungfu-sets.html
  31. http://www.shaolin.org/chikung/lohan.html
  32. http://flowingzen.com/4862/18-luohan-hands-qigong/
  33. http://www.shaolin.org/chikung/yi-jin-jing.html
  34. http://flowingzen.com/4860/sinew-metamorphosis-qigong/
  35. http://www.shaolin.org/zen/what-is-zen.html
  36. http://www.shaolin.org/chikung/vital-energy.html
  37. http://www.shaolin.org/shaolin/greatest.html

1st October 2013.


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