A TREASURE HOUSE OF KUNGFU SETS
The Shaolin Wahnam Institute Page was posted by Sifu Mark Blohm on Wikipedia, but was removed by Wikipedia at the end of September 2013 because, according to Wikipedia, there are insufficient secondary sources, i.e. sources other than those from Shaolin Wahnam Institute.
Sifu Mark Blohm of Shaolin Wahnam Taiwan has put in an incredible amount of work to make this page a treasure house of kungfu sets so that those who wish to have a taste of a great variety of kungfu sets ranging from Four Gates of Shaolin to Wudang Taijiquan, from Swimming Dragon of Baguazhang to San Zhan of Wuzuquan, can come here for reference.
It will be a great pity if such great effort is put to waste by just removing the page. We therefore reproduce the page here for your pleasure or study, or both.
The videos here are only a start. As more videos are available, they will be added to the page. We would like to thank Sifu Mark Blohm for his great, selfless effort.
The Shaolin Wahnam Institute is an international school dedicated to the promotion of the Shaolin Arts. These arts include Shaolin Qigong (Chi Kung), Shaolin Kung Fu, Zen and Taijiquan. The school was established in the 1980s by Wong Kiew Kit of Malaysia. Within the last 15 years, the school has spread worldwide and includes thousands of students. Instructors under Wong teach in many countries around the world, each with their own students and practice schedules.
The lineage of Grandmaster Wong Kiew Kit, founder of Shaolin Wahnam Institute
Shaolin Kung Fu
Shaolin Kung Fu as practiced in the Institute emphasizes traditional training methods. One type of training which emphasizes internal force development is Zhan Zhuang or Stance Training. These are stationary postures, a type of quiescent qigong (as opposed to dynamic qigong such as in the 18 Lohan Hands).
Another set of advanced training exercises for developing internal force for martial application and spiritual development is known as Sinew Metamorphosis. In Shaolin Wahnam, students are first introduced to the skill of Generating Energy Flow, following the principles of "first circulate, then build" and "first be healthy, then learn to defend yourself".
This enables a smooth transition to free sparring while traditional stances and forms remain intact in actual free sparring. Friendly events have been held with other schools in order to demonstrate traditional forms in sparring. This is in contrast to schools that discard traditional techniques to spar similarly to kickboxing.
In basic training, more emphasis is placed on combat sequences and cooperative yet realistic partner work.The most basic sequences cover striking. Further sequences address kicking, felling and qin na, translated as "hold grip"; this training covers all four categories of attack. Some more advanced sets include "Cross Roads at Four Gates", "Shaolin Five Animals" and "Tiger Crane". One set used specially for force training is "The Art of One Finger Shooting Zen".
Below is a systematic training regimen as taught and practised at Shaolin Wahnam Kuala Lumpur
Level 1: Fundamentals of Shaolin Kungfu
Form: Basic patterns, stances and footwork.
Application: Specific Techniques.
Force: Zhang Zhuang (basic stances), One Finger Shoot Zen, Leg Stretching.
Philosophy: Dimensions, aims and brief history.
8 basic patterns of hand attack and defence.
Basic stances -- Horse-Riding, Bow-Arrow, False-Leg, Single-Leg, Unicorn, Goat.
Footwork -- forward, backward and sideways.
Specific Techniques against simple punches, kicks, holds on wrist, and throws from standing position. Use "Single Tiger" against punches, "Lohan Strikes Drum" against kicks, "Rolling thunder" against holds on wrist, shifting step against throws.
Form: Basic set -- Lohan Asks the Way.
Application: 4 basic hand attacks and defence from poise patterns.
Force: Zhan Zhuang with hand forms, Spacing, Timing, Breath Coordination
Philosophy: Principles of Attack and Defence.
Sparring mode -- pre-choice and self-choice.
Principles -- Three Arrivals, Ask the Way, Safety First.
Level 3: Black Tiger Steals Heart .
Form: Applicaion Set 1 -- Black Tiger Steals Heart.
Application: Hand attacks in three-step sequences.
Force: Flow of movement, Quick decision making, Instant modification.
Philosophy: Principles of Force Training.
Sparring mode -- changing patterns.
Principles -- Gradual Progress, Perseverance,Techniques and Skills.
Level 4: Fierce Tiger Speeds Across Valley
Form: Application Set 2 -- Fierce Tiger Speeds through Valley, Patterns for kicks and defence.
Application: Further hand attacks in three-step sequences, One-step kicking attacks and defence.
Force: Leg-Stretching Exercises.
Philosophy: Techniques, Tactics and Strategies.
Sparring mode -- left or right, run-on sequence.
Principles -- Soft against hard, Exploiting opponent's weakness, Avoiding his strong points.
Level 5: Happy Bird Hops up Branch.
Form: Application Set 3 -- Happy Bird Hops up Branch.
Application: Combat sequences with kicking attacks.
Force: Breath Co-ordination.
Philosophy: Use of Tactics.
Tactics -- Feign weakness, Pressing attack, Breaking opponent's momentum.
Level 6: Felling Tree with Roots
Form: Application Set 4 -- Felling Tree with Roots.
Application: Combat sequences with holds and falls.
Force: Elegance and Speed.
Philosophy: Use of Strategies.
Strategies based on "Know Thyself, Know your Opponent".
The training also incorporates combat elements beyond patterns, techniques and sequences of techniques. These are tactics and strategies. Shaolin philosophy is rich in tactics and strategies.
Taijiquan is also an integral part of the Institute. It is practiced as Kung Fu and often resembles Shaolin patterns.
Although many masters believe that graceful sets that are sometimes practice slowly are not effective for fighting, the teaching in Shaolin Wahnam does not follow this idea. The application of some traditional forms for combat as practice in Shaolin Wahnam has been demonstrated in Inside Kung Fu magazine. The same basic stances, footwork and skill practiced in Shaolin Kung Fu are practiced in Taijiquan.
A Treasure House of Kung Fu Sets
Fundamental sets are those practiced by all students of Shaolin Kungfu or Wahnam Taijiquan. They are sets in the Shaolin Kungfu and Wahnam Taijiquan core syllabuses. Selective sets are those chosen by students in both the Shaolin Kungfu group and the Wahnam Taijiquan group in regional or special courses. Here is a list of the Kung Fu sets in the Shaolin Wahnam School:
- Carry Tiger Back to Mountain is the fourth of the four combat sequence sets in the basic Wahnam Taijiquan syllabus, the other three being White Snake Shoots Venom, Green Dragon Shoots Pearl, and Black Bear Sinks Hips.
- Two special features of the Flower Set are the "flower hand" and the "organ-seeking kick". The Flower Set was a specialty of Ng Mui and Fong Sai Yoke. Another special feature of the Flower Set, which many practitioners themselves may not know but which Ng Mui was an expert, is Dim Mak or dotting vital points.The Flower Set was described and explained in the Classic of Shaolin Kungfu, consisting of 40 volumes and compiled by Fu Ju in the year 901 during the Song Dynasty.
Yellow Bee Sucks Pollens
Old Eagle Catches Snake
Cloud Hands Grasp Sparrow
108-Pattern Yang Style Taijiquan
(Kungfu Sets in Grandmaster Wong's repertoire but not yet taught in Shaolin Wahnam Institute. When the sets are taught, they will be listed in the Selective Sets.)
Praying Mantis Crushing Fist
Dragon Strength Set
Essence of Shaolin
Fifth Brother Octagon Staff
Chin Wah Staff
Crescent Moon Spade
Three-Sectional Soft Whip
Happy Wanderer's Fan
The basic qigong practice are the Shaolin 18 Lohan Hands, a set of dynamic qigong exercises focusing on health and vitality.Sinew Metamorphosis is a set of exercises with less physical movement. Sinew Metamorphosis is more powerful and meant for advanced practitioners training high-level internal force for martial application and/or spiritual cultivation. Qigong is a type of Chinese Medicine.
Zen is not just sitting meditation. In fact, it is an integral part of Kung Fu and qigong training as well. Practicing Zen means cultivating the mind. In Shaolin Wahnam, this can be achieved while performing a qigong pattern, practicing a Kung Fu set (which is qigong) or performing daily activities. There is also formal Zen training as traditionally known. This can be performed while sitting, standing, lying down or walking.
In Shaolin Qigong, Zen is practiced throughout the exercise. Chi Flow (also known as Flowing Zen) usually follows some dynamic or quiescent qigong patterns and is performed in a Zen state of mind (also known as a Qigong State of Mind). The end of the practice completes with Standing Zen, which develops mental freshness and can lead to spiritual breakthroughs ("satori" in Japanese).
Kung Fu as practiced in the Institute is also a practice of Qigong. It is done in a Zen State of Mind, which enables calmness in combat situations, continuing the smooth flow of internal force, anticipation of the opponent's moves and spontaneous application of techniques. Practice may also lead to a "satori".
Permanent locations of the Shaolin Wahnam Institute exist in Taiwan and Germany.
Iside Kung Fu, April 2007, Cover Story
1st October 2013.