COMBAT SEQUENCE 3: PRESSING ATTACKS AND HOW TO DEFEND AGAINST THEM

Wahnam Taijiquan, Tai Chi Chuan

Combat Sequences 1 and 2 cover the four major categories of strikes, namely top, middle, bottom and sides. Sequence 3 introduces the tactic of pressing attacks and how to defend against them. This video series shows step by step how the combat sequence is developed, why the particular patterns were used and the combat principles underlying them.

Besides hand-techniques, footwork and body-movement are very important in realizing intended combat objectives. An effective co-ordination of footwork, body-movement and hand-techniques constitutes the “three external harmonies”. The “three internal harmonies” are those of “jing”, “qi” and “shen”, which are essence, energy and mind.

In Sequences 1 and 2 shown in the earlier series , the footwork code is “left-right, left-right”, which means that the initiator starts with his left leg in front at his poise pattern, and moves forward to attack with his right leg in front. The responder poses with his left leg in front, and responds by moving into a stance with his right leg in front in his defence or counter.

In Sequences 3 here, the footwork code is “left-left, right-right”. The initiator poses with his left leg in front, and moves his front left leg forward using a roll-step to attack. The responder poses with his right leg in front, and responds in a right stance. Employing different modes of footwork in attack and defence gives certain advantages.

These video clips were taken at the Guan Yin Temple on the Blue Mountain.


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Attacking by Retreating

Combat Sequences

Counter-attacking using the right-right mode is different from that using the left-right mode as in Sequences 1 and 2 shown in an earlier video series . Here the responder moves his back left foot backward, deflects, then moves his body forward without moving his legs to counter-attack. This is an example of “attacking by retreating”.

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Attack Footwork using Left-Left Mode

Combat Sequences

Grandmaster Wong demonstrates moving in to attack using the left-left mode for long, medium and short ranges.

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Flowing with the Opponent to Attack

Combat Squences

Grandmaster Wong initiates an attack for Sifu Jeffrey to respond, then flows with the response with another attack.

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Defence against Flowing-in Attack

Combat Sequences

Grandmaster Wong reserves the above combat situation to demonstrate how to defend against a flowing-in attack. Note the effective use of body-movement.

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Continuous Attacks

Combat Sequences

Here Grandmaster Wong demonstrates an example of continuous attacks. In a flowing-in attack, you wait for an opponent to counter-attack, then you deflect his counter-attack and attack again. In a continuous attack, you continue a second attack before the opponent counters

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Three Types of Attacks

Combat Sequences

Grandmaster Wong demonstrates in solo routine three types of attacks, namely an intial attack, a flowing-in attack and a continuous attack.

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Counters against Triple Attacks

Combat Sequences

Grandmaster Wong demonstrates how to counter a pressing tactic of Sifu Jeffrey's triple attacks

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Breaking an Opponent's Pressing Attacks

Combat Sequences

Here is the structure showing the counters against an opponent's pressing triple attacks. Grandmaster Wong highlights an effective use of footwork and body-movement in the third move to “break” the opponent's pressing attacks.

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Intercepting an Opponent's Attack

Combat Sequences

Here Grandmaster Wong reverses the role shown in the previous combat situations and shows how to intercept an opponent's counter-attack using effective body-work.

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Pressing through an Interception

Combat Sequences

The role is again reverse with Grandmaster Wong demonstrating how to press in despite an attempted interception by an opponent. Notice that although he was caught off-guard the first time, Sifu Jeffrey could successfully neutralize Grandmaster Wong's attack the second time, indicating immediately benefited from the lesson.

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Structure of Pressing Attacks and Defences

Combat Sequences

The initiator's mode of Sequence 3 is performed pattern by pattern, and then in a sequence, to show the structure of pressing attacks and their defences.

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Spontaneous Sparring

Combat Sequences

Within the framework of the first three sequences, participants spar spontaneously, without knowing what patterns their sparring partners would use next. It is inspiring to note that Priya, the lady shown in the video clip, and Walter, the one in blue shirt, are fresh beginners, yet they could use Taijiquan patterns reasonably well in the sparring.

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Combat Sequence 3 -- Pressing Attacks and How to Defend against Them from Wong Kiew Kit on Vimeo.

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